What is Kratom?
One of the most frequently asked questions that we receive on a day to day basis is “What is Kratom?” or “What can Kratom do for me?”
Well, let’s give a brief over view of what Kratom is, and at the bottom of the page, we will throw you a link to where you can read more detailed information about this magnificent plant.
“Kratom trees, most often classified by genus and species name: Mitragyna Speciosa Korth, has an average height of 12-30 ft (3.7 to 9.1 m) and the circumference of 15 ft (4.6 m) wide at the point leafiest. Some kratom trees have been found [that] actually top out at more than 95 meters. Kratom leaves are oval or ovate-oblong, dark, glossy, green. The leaves [of the kratom tree] can grow up to 7 “long and almost 4” wide. Veins are greenish-white (known as “white vein” or “green veins”) or red (known as “red veins”). The “green or white vein” reported stronger. The average weight of fresh, dried leaves is between ½ gram to 2 grams. During the flowering stage, the [kratom] tree can produce up to 120 florets yellow and round. The fruit of this interest reflects the capsule in the form and produces small, flat seeds.
Mitragyna Speciosa Korth, part of the Rubiaceae (coffee) family, is a tropical tree native to Southeast Asia, the Philippines and New Guinea, although it is now being cultivated in other areas. The most dominating location is Thailand (referred to as “Kratom“, “kakuam“, “ithang” or “thom“) and Malaysia (referred to as “coriander” or “Biak-Biak“) with cultivation has recently become dominate in Indonesia (known as the “Bali” or “Indo” Kratom). This tree was first documented by botanists Dutch, Korthals. Korthals gave the genus its name because of the stigma of the first species examined resembles the shape of a bishop’s miter. Other species of Mitragyna are found in India and Asia, among others: M. Tubulosa, M. parvifolia, M. hirsuta, M. diversifolia, M. rotundifolia and M. Kuntze. M. ciliate, M. Inermis, M. Stipulosa and M. Africanus widely grown in West Africa.
Over 25 alkaloids have been isolated from Kratom. Most alkaloids consist of three indoles and two oxindoles. Three indoles are mitragynine, paynanthine, and speciogynine – the first two are apparently unique to this species. Both oxindoles which mitraphylline and speciofoline. Other alkaloids present include other indoles, and oxindoles as ajmalicine, corynanthedine, mitraversine, rhychophylline, and stipulatine.
Kratom has been used for centuries in Thailand, recreationally and as antidiarrhetic. Its use as a substitute for opiates in Malaysia reported in the nineteenth century. Labour has been used to fight the boredom of physical work, similar to the use of coca in South America. Chemicals were investigated in 1920, and mitragynine was isolated in 1923. Kratom leaves become part of ethnobotanical trade in the United States and Europe in the mid-2000s.”
If that doesn’t answer all of your questions, you can find more information over at our Resources page: